Branded Prescription Drug Fee (BPDF)

Season Guide – 2024

Author’s note: In this article, we simplify the complexities of the IRS Branded Prescription Drug Fee (BPDF) and offer practical guidance to pharmaceutical manufacturers and importers. Should you have any questions or thoughts to share, please feel free to reach out to us, and we would be glad to help you.

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A quick refresher on the IRS Branded Prescription Drug Fee (BPDF)

The BPDF is an annual tax created by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, to help fund the federal government’s expanded role in the US health care system. This annual fee is imposed on manufacturers/importers (“covered entities”) with aggregated branded prescription drug sales over $5 million to specific government programs, which include Medicare Part D, Medicaid, Medicare Part B, VA, DoD, and TRICARE. The statutory fee to be invoiced and collected for 2024 is $2.8 billion.

Each manufacturer/importer of brand products is responsible for a portion of the $2.8 billion statutory fee.  As a reminder, below is a quick summary of how each manufacturer’s brand product sales to the government taking into account (i.e., numerator) are calculated. The denominator is simply the sum of all covered entities total brand sales to the government taken into account. The estimated fee will be based on the ratio (numerator/denominator) multiplied by the $2.8B, plus any adjustments (see IRS guidance for further details). The IRS invoice will show this calculation, and the estimated sales by NDC by the specified program. It’s important to note that the sales data in the 2024 fee year will be assessed based on 2022 sales.

Click here for an illustrative example of the calculation and additional detail.

Key Dates and Considerations to Keep in Mind

  • No later than March 31: IRS Preliminary Fee Notice (letter 4657) mailed
  • March 1 – May 15: Opportunity to evaluate and dispute preliminary IRS fee
  • No later than August 31: Final Invoice (letter 4658) mailed (including dispute resolution, if applicable)
  • No later than September 30: Final fee due
  • November 1: Submit form 8947 (note this is an optional form)


We recommend the following to ensure your organization is accruing and paying the appropriate amount:

  • Consider developing a process and tools to support the branded drug fee analysis.
  • Estimate your sales and forecast for each applicable government program and estimate your share of the annual aggregate BPDF.
  • Monitor and update your estimate as actual data becomes available and true up as needed.
  • Review your IRS Preliminary Fee Notice to confirm that the IRS sales and estimated fee information appear accurate or reasonable based on your estimates.
  • Monitor your data related to specified government programs on an ongoing basis to confirm that the data is accurate.
  • If you have an orphan drug and would like to remain in the orphan drug exclusion rules, confirm that you meet the exclusion criteria. Note this exclusion is eliminated if the orphan drug is approved for any non-orphan indication.
  • Evaluate whether it is beneficial to voluntarily file form 8947. While the form is not required, timely filing may help confirm company’s Medicaid Supplemental Rebates and that orphan drug designations are accurately reflected in the BPDF invoice for the IRS.

We understand the above activities can be challenging due to factors such as limited program knowledge, compressed timelines, limited team bandwidth, and complexity. Here is how we can help:

BPDF analysis and Finance/Accounting accrual support

  • Prepare tools and advice to help estimate your BPDF and accrue appropriately
  • Provide advice and/or assistance necessary for proactively monitoring data and avoid future disputes
  • Assist with developing or enhancing your BPDF accrual process and or tools
  • Develop or enhance BPDF process documentation (e.g., Standard Operating Procedures)
  • Provide BPDF trainings and or develop training materials
  • Provide guidance to navigate the BPDF process
  • Provide guidance to complete IRS Form 8947 and assist with submission

For more information on the Branded Prescription Drug Fee:

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